Person Suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder
People with autism see the world through eyes other than those of people who do not suffer, and this influences how they interact with their environment.
A study of Cal Tech , published on October 22, has discovered that this is because the brain of a person suffering from autism spectrum disorders (ASD) plays differently lot of visual information it receives. “It known that people with ASD have difficulty understanding how others feel and to understand what their social to look at their facial expressions or posture gestures mean , “explained Dr. Ralph Adolphs, lead author of the study, the US edition of the Huffington Post . “This may be fixing it differently.”
In other words, when a person with autism or antisocial behavior shows repetitive, does not communicate or have difficulty doing so -the main symptoms of this trastorno- may be a result of its perception and its focus on a particular situation.
“Among other findings, our work shows that it is not as simple as that ‘people with ASD does not look normal to the face,'” says Adolphs. He explains: “I do not see most things as others.”
The researchers looked at this issue by creating a series of photographs illustrating how a person with autism perceive their environment. For the study, the researchers showed 700 pictures to 20 people with high-functioning autism and 19 control subjects who did not have autism, while an eye-tracking device recorded their patterns of attention to the different elements of the images .
Representations below show what researchers have discovered. person Suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder
In each pair of photographs, the image above reveals how perceived by a person with autism and the image below, how it is perceived by a subject control.
In these two pictures you can see how the person with autism is more focused on the head of the referee instead of focusing on the player’s face. person Suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder
In these images, the person with autism does not pay attention to the trajectory of the ball in the same way it does the subject control.
As can be seen, people with autism attract less faces and other relevant elements, a trend that can lead to difficulties in social situations.
“Maybe this will hinder more socialization, especially in a complex environment, such as a party, because they may have difficulty knowing where to direct your attention , ” Adolphs explained to The Huffington Post .
These findings may help doctors in the future to identify subtypes of autism, enabling them to make better diagnoses.
“When reporting a diagnosis, this study can be very useful , ” said Adolph. “Autism involves many things. Our study is a first step to try to discover the different types of autism there … Once we have identified these subtypes, we begin to wonder whether it is best to carry out different treatments.” person Suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder
Every time we give more aware that you can not deal with a universal autism diagnosis. An increase in research can help design treatments as encompassing all the nuances of this disorder.